Different Birth Control Options Its Effectiveness and Side Effects

Birth control is those barrier methods that have helped millions of partners have the best and the safest sex possible. What barrier does is, it prevents the sperm from fertilizing the eggs which obstruct the unwanted pregnancy and many sexual diseases. These birth control methods help in preventing ovulation by blocking the process of fertilization of the eggs. The barrier birth control methods are of varied types and can assist women and men in different ways as per their choices and medical sustainability. However, no matter how effective they are in preventing pregnancy, you may be subjected to many health risks. Talk to your Gynaecologist in London when you encounter with any symptoms or side effects.

Some of the birth control ways have a direct impact on your hormones hence they are termed as hormonal birth control methods. The birth control pills are an awesome example of these types of contraceptive techniques. Condoms and diaphragms are examples of barrier birth control methods. You are free to choose whatever you wish and which are comfortable for you and your partner. The freedom to choose any birth control methods should be assisted with the potential risks and its effectiveness. You must discuss this with your healthcare provider who can guide you throughout this journey and who will be assisting you with the most effective methods.

Birth control do have some sort of side effects, hence they must be taken under strict supervision. There are many factors which highlights the usage of birth control- one is to preserve the fertility for temporary or to have it permanently abandoned through the surgical sterilization. Some birth control helps in preventing common sexually transmitted diseases while others don’t.

Point to be noted, there are no birth control methods that actually save you from STDs. the chances of having them will be equally there! May be one method seems to be more effective than the other ones but they won’t guarantee you 100%.

How does birth control works?

In order to prevent pregnancy, birth controls work in a varied way. There is no one fixed rule for it! Here’s a list of all different types of birth control methods and how they work:

Hormonal birth control methods help in preventing pregnancy for just a temporary time period.

  • Barrier birth control methods don’t allow the sperm to be fertilized with the eggs.
  • Spermicide completely destroys the flow of the sperm which obstructs it from fertilizing.
  • IUD is an effective, long-lasting with low maintenance. An IUD is a T shaped device that is inserted inside the woman’s uterus that prevents the sperm from fertilizing.

How long does the birth control take to start its work?

It depends upon the types of birth control method you are using. Some can start working as soon as you have used them while others take time. Such contraception ways which won’t work immediately include hormonal methods, implants, patches or pills. They work on the basis of the monthly cycle prior to usage. It is advisable to use an alternate method for birth control during the first week after you have started taking pills or any hormonal methods.

What are the chances of getting pregnant on birth control?

No birth control methods can guarantee 100% effectiveness on preventing pregnancy. The chances of getting pregnant even after using birth control methods are high enough. Though you can trust on some types of birth control methods which will definitely prevent pregnancy. Such types include birth control pills which are proven to avoid 99% of pregnancy chances. In order to get a complete understanding of how you need to depend on these types of birth control methods, you must have a thorough understanding about how each of them works and the potential risks involved with it.

Different types of birth control methods

So basically, we know that these birth control methods work by preventing three things- one which helps in preventing the sperm reaching the eggs, the other types help in preventing ovulation and the third types forbid implantation. If you don’t want kids, you have a permanent solution for that which is termed as surgical sterilization. Consult your  London Gynaecologist in order to get sure of which methods will work for you the best!

These are the following types of birth control methods:

The hormonal birth control ways are: 

  • Birth control pills
  • Patches
  • Birth control implants
  • Vaginal rings

The barrier birth control methods are: 

  • Spermicides
  • Condoms
  • Diaphragms
  • Cervical caps

The natural birth control ways are:  

  • Cervical mucus examination
  • Tracking the menstrual cycle
  • Ovulation test kits

Some other types of birth control methods are:

  • IUD (Intrauterine devices )
  • Emergency contraception

Surgical birth control methods are:

  • Vasectomy
  • Tubal ligation

Let’s break down each of their functionality and try to comprehend how they work!

Hormonal birth control

The hormonal birth control helps in preventing pregnancy by using hormones. The hormones are used to prevent ovulation which restricts the fertilization of sperm in women. Amongst the most commonly used hormonal methods are oral pills as they are the most effective and easy ones to go for. However, you have other options as well like that of a vaginal ring, injection (which is provided for the progestin), and hormone patches.

A lot of women have concerns regarding the side effects. Knowing about the side effects of each of the birth control methods will help in getting a closer look at the ways it works.

Side effects are: 

  • Mood swinging
  • Discoloration of the skin
  • Vomiting
  • Irregular periods
  • Spotting between periods
  • Tender breasts

Barrier birth control methods

Barrier birth control options help in preventing fertilization. It avoids the sperm cells to get in contact with the eggs. It will either block the sperm physically from fertilizing or it kills before reaching to the eggs.  Condoms, diaphragms and cervical caps are examples of the barrier birth control methods.

The side effects it can have: 

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Vaginal or penis irritation

Surgical sterilization

This is the permanent way of preventing pregnancy and is made for both men as well as women. Well woman clinic in London offer surgical procedure that was done to prevent the risk of pregnancy. With the growing concern for women regarding the surgical process, the same method has been changed to a much safer procedure. Sterilization implants have become the number 1 choice for women now. Instead of the surgical process, a coil is inserted into the fallopian tubes which helps in blocking sperms.

Natural birth control methods

Natural birth control method tracks down the menstrual cycle which keeps record of the ovulation. This way you can avoid having sex during those times. There are many ways which helps in detecting ovulation- one is the basal body temperature and the other is the home ovulation kit. Although these types of natural birth control methods have proved to be very unsuccessful because of the discipline you have to maintain in order to track your results.

IUDs (Intrauterine devices)

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been proven the best method for avoiding pregnancy and has become the favorite list for couples. It’s effective, long lasting with low maintenance. An IUD is a T shaped device that is inserted inside the woman’s uterus that prevents the sperm from fertilising. The plastic can sit inside the woman’s body as long as she wants. The insertion and removal of an IUD is very simple in process and is very comfortable too.

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