Even in this world that’s dying, saving the environment is not the first thing that comes to mind. that’s why, the government had to take measures and force people into making decisions about their future. One of the major result of these measures are E waste recycling plants. 

While an electronics manufacture has to be forced to accept the EPR or Extended Producer Responsibility, an E waste recycling company lives bearing it. Through proper measures, both technologically and legally, such companies have paved the way for better India. 

Are you one such aspirant? Do you want to become an agent of agent – paving the way for better future by safety recycling E wastes. If you are, you’re at the place you need to be. Here, you’ll learn how to setup an E waste recycling plant in India?

  What is an E Waste recycling plant?

Before talking about the plant, let’s talk about E waste recycling. What is recycling? Simply put, it’s the way to reuse the waste product in an efficient and environmentally conscious way. When it comes to E waste recycling, the waste materials that are being recycled are the ones that have either been rejected or are past their product lives. The list of E waste is endless, but some of them are as follows:

  1. TV sets
  2. Refrigerators
  3. Fans
  4. Printers
  5. Radios
  6.  hard disks
  7. And any electronic product that has circuitry in it.

An E waste Recycling plant, in turn is the company that focuses on E waste management. It doesn’t only ensure that the electronic products are transformed into something reusable, it also make sure that the product is properly disposed of in case it can’t be used. 

Requirement of setting up an E waste recycling plant

Before think about getting the E waste management license (authorization to get the license), make sure that you fulfil the requirements given below:

  1. Have a proper machinery that allows you to treat the electronic waste. Further ensure that no water is wasted and air and water pollutants are handled properly.
  2. Have a suitable place where you can dismantle the Electronic waste. It’s especially important if you’re relying on manual dismantling.  
  3. Have control over the noise pollution by implementing noise control devices like grinders, crushers, and shredders. 
  4. Have your employees wear PPE kits to protect them from any kind of undue pollutants. 
  5. Have adequate facilities in your recycling plant for the collection, storage and management of electronic wastes, facilities to collect and dispose of dusts off the floors and other hazardous materials. To integrate these facilities in your plant, reach out to and make an agreement with the TSDF operator. 

Once you’ve made peace with the above mentioned requirements, you can move ahead with establishing the E waste management plant. However, to do so, you need to understand the E waste recycling process. 

Setting up the E waste recycling plant: Understanding the recycling process

E waste recycling is not an easy job. It’s labour intensive, requires a lot of manpower and understanding of a multi-tier recycling process. Following are the steps of that tier:

  1. Sorting
  2. Dismantling
  3. Large size reduction process
  4. Small size reduction process
  5. Magnetic Separation
  6. Non metallic and metallic component separation
  7. Finally water separation

Let’s dive deep and understand how one step flows into the next:

  1. Step 1: Sorting the electronic waste:

Once the electronic waste reaches your plant, your first task to sort the treasure from the trash. It’s to decide which wastes will be recycled and which waste will end up in the dispose bin. 

  1. Step 2: Dismantling the Electronic wastes

The first step of recycling is understanding what you can recycle. As whole, the electronic products are useless. But dismantling them would allow you to take out its best parts to  recycle. 

  1. Step 3: Reducing the large sized products

Once you’ve dismantled the electronic wastes  to their base components, you’ll reach a point at which you won’t be able to dismantle any further. At that time, you’ll need to put them in a shredder to break them down to their base metals (or plastic).

  1. Step 4: Reducing the small sized products

After you’ve broken down the large wastes into their constituent particles, you’ll put them on a conveyor belt and grind them down to even smaller particles. 

  1. Step 5: Magnetically separating the iron and steel

After you’ve grinded down the electronic wastes to even finer particles, it’s time to separate the metallic iron & steel from other metals and non metals. You do this by using industrial strength magnets. 

  1. Step 6:  Separating the metal from the non metal

 Once the easily separable metals (Iron and steel) are separated and kept separate, it’s time to separate all metals from all non metals. It will remove all the copper, zinc, brass, aluminium and leave behind only the non metallic debris. 

  1. Step 7: Using water to separate the plastic

Finally, the most pollution inducing part – plastic – is separated from glass. It’s done using water. 

Once you’ve taken the seventh step, you have all the materials ready to be reused (or disposed off).

With this section, you now possess the knowledge of what you need to have and what you need to do  in terms of technology to operate an E waste recycling company. It’s time to think in terms of legality; it’s time to get the EPR license. 

What is  EPR Certificate?

EPR certificate is the mandatory certificate that any manufacturer of electronic products and an E waste management company has to get. If you take it as an E waste management company, you call this certificate the “E waste management certificate”. If you take it as an electronics manufacturer, it’s known as “Extended User Responsibility License”. 

It’s the final requirement to setup your E waste management company. Here are the steps you need to take to fulfil that final requirement:

  1. Get the EPR documents ready: Here is the checklist of those documents: 
    1. Your residential proof
    2. Documents of proof of the business entity through which you run the E waste recycling business. 
      1. Certificate of incorporation of your E waste management company.
      2. Import and Export Code
      3. Certificate obtained from municipal corporations if applicable in your region. 
    3. Your contact information
    4. Copy of your PAN card
    5. Details of the person filing your application
    6. Details of the product that you seek to recycle
    7. Description of the recycling machinery you have in your plant. 
    8. Estimation of how much E waste your plant would recycle
    9. The budget you have put up to operate your business
    10. Details of any awareness programs you’ve started for the general public. 
    11. Plan of Recycling the electronic wastes. 
  2. File the application for EPR certificate: The application has to be filed in both offline and online modes. 
  3. Anticipating the response from the department as your application is processed. 
  4. Getting the E waste management certificate. 

Conclusion

If you’ve reached at this section, congratulations and thank you. People like you, the carers of the environment are needed. Through this article, you know now what it takes to start a E waste recycling business. If you want assistance in taking care of the most important aspect of starting that business – the EPR certificate – consult with business license experts. They can thoroughly assist you.