Dental bonding is a cost-effective treatment option for broken, chipped or stained teeth and other minor cosmetic dental problems. Dental composite bonding can make your teeth look new, and it does not damage the teeth in any way. You may also get dental bonding from most dental insurance plans, unlike other cosmetic dental procedures.
What is dental bonding?
Dental bonding is a procedure in cosmetic dentistry that involves a dentist applying tooth-coloured composite material on the teeth, shaping, hardening, and polishing the composite to look like the teeth. The procedure is called bonding because your dentist has to bond a material to the tooth.
The procedure is an excellent one to fix small cosmetic dental issues like broken or chipped tooth and closing small gaps between the teeth. You can also use dental bonding to fill up small cavities as it is more aesthetically pleasing than silver fillings.
What does the procedure involve?
First, your dentist will roughen the surface of your teeth by gently applying phosphoric acid to the surface of the tooth. It helps the bonding material to stay in place. Your dentist then places the putty-like bonding material on the surface of the tooth, shapes, and sculpts it to look like the natural teeth before using a special light to harden the material.
Your dentist will carry out the finishing touches like polishing and buffing the composite material to give it a smooth finish.
Pros and cons of dental bonding
Dental bonding is an excellent cosmetic dental fix, but it also has its downsides. First, the advantages of dental bonding include the following.
On average, it cost about £200 – £460 to get dental bonding for a tooth. Your insurance plan may cover it, especially when you are carrying out the procedure to correct structural problems or fill up cavities.
- Quick fix
You only require a visit to the dentist to get your dental bonding, and the procedure lasts for about 30 – 60 minutes.
- Easy procedure
The procedure does not need anaesthesia except you need to fill a decayed tooth. You also require only minimal removal of the enamel, unlike veneers and crowns.
The disadvantages of getting dental bonding include:
- Easily stained
Dental bonding quickly gets discolouration, unlike other dental restorations like crowns and veneers — Smoking, taking coffee, red wine, or red wine stains the dental composite material. To reduce staining, you should avoid things that will stain your teeth in the first 28 – 48 hours after you get the dental bonding.
Smoking does not go well with dental bonding, so you have to opt for other dental restoration if you are a smoker. The bonded material will become porous and become yellow when you expose it to cigarette smoke.
- Less durable
Dental bonding is not as strong as most dental restorations like porcelain veneers and crowns. The materials chip and break easily. Although, caring for your dental bonding properly could make it last for about 3 – 7 years.
Who can get dental bonding?
Dental bonding may be suitable for you if you have a minor cosmetic dentistry problem like cracked or discoloured teeth. You can also fill up cavities, reshape and recontour the teeth.
However, you cannot use dental bonding to whiten your teeth, unlike bleaching and veneers, but you can use it as white fillings for small cavities. The composite bonding material may not be suitable for large cavities because the force from chewing will damage the material.
How to maintain dental bonding
Dental bonding is likely to stain and chip easily, so you need special care to preserve the bonded teeth and make it look natural for a long time.
These care tips will help your dental bonding last longer.
- Avoid excess red wine, tea, and coffee.
- Quit smoking as it has other risks asides staining the bonded teeth like gum disease and oral cancer.
- Avoid biting your nails.
- Do not chew on hard objects like uncooked carrots, pencils or pens.
- If you the edges of the bonded teeth are sharp or rough, contact your dentist to touch it up
The skill of the dentist determines how well the dental bonding will look, so ensure you choose a dentist who is experienced in carrying out the procedure. Before your procedure, ask your dentist for before and after photos of previous patients who got dental bonding.
The procedure is a quick and relatively inexpensive one. But, it may not be suitable for everyone, so when considering composite bonding in London, you will have to consult a dentist to check if you are the right candidate for this procedure.