A hair transplant is a procedure where hair is removed from the donor site and implanted onto the balding areas, mainly the scalp, or other parts of the body.
The basic idea to prevent a transplant therefore is to prevent hair loss and thus avoid balding. A normal person loses about a hundred hairs every day and the same amount grows back onto the scalp on a daily basis. When the hair loss exceeds the replacement, the scalp starts becoming visible and bald patches begin to appear and along with that come worry and psychological imbalances, as hair is a very important part of the cosmetic appearance, so much so that instances have also been recorded of persons contemplating suicide.
To prevent hair loss, we must first ascertain the reasons leading to the same. The most important and common cause is male pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia, which is hereditary and is the effect of male hormones or androgens on the hair follicles, the treatment for which we shall discuss in the latter part of this article.
The next important reason for hair loss is the change in lifestyle and food habits. Pollution, smoking, stress and work pressures combined with lack of proper sleep, and irregular and bad eating habits, including junk foods, fast and fried foods and at times no food at all. These have to be countered with proper healthy food, a high protein diet, regular food timings, multivitamins and good portion of body rest and a sound sleep. It must be noted that hair is an important biomaterial, primarily composed of protein, notably alpha keratin which makes it clear that a high protein diet is very essential for its maintainence. Flaxseeds and pumpkin seeds provide Omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants essential for growth and health of the hair follicles.
Diseases such as Diabetes, Heart ailments and Thyroid disorders can also lead to excessive hair loss, as also nutritional deficiencies, use of chemical shampoos and hair oils and excessive soaping and rubbing of the scalp.
To summarise, to maintain a good hair growth, one needs a healthy lifestyle, good sleep, regular exercise, avoidance of junk and fried foods, smoking, alcohol, and excessive beverages like tea and coffee.
For the arrest of male pattern baldness, we have medications like Minoxidil lotion and Finesteride tablets in a safe, low dose of 1 mg daily, used on a long term basis, has shown good results in, not only preventing further hair loss, but also in promoting new hair growth. Finesteride acts by blocking the action of 5-alpha teductase, thus preventing the conversion of testosterone to DIhydro testosterone (DHT), which acts on the hair follicles and thus preventing hair loss and balding.
Introduction to Direct Hair Transplant
The Direct Hair transplant is the latest technique. It provides you healthy and natural looking hair. This technique does not involve the use of scalpels and the best part of this technique is that it is pain free. After the completion of this procedure the new hair continues to grow naturally throughout the life. The main objective of this procedure is to elevate the survival and growth of the hair follicles by reducing their handling and the time for which they stay out of the skin.
In direct hair transplant technique the hair follicles are implanted one by one directly to the recipient area which needs to be covered. Each hair follicle is placed in a particular direction, depth and angle that help to get 100% natural results with maximum density. It is a minimally invasive procedure which is painless and its recovery is very fast. The hair growth can be seen within 2 months and full growth can happen in 8-9 months. The implanted hairs remain to grow throughout the life of a person and they do not fall.
What is the Procedure for Direct Hair Transplant?
Extraction Phase: The hair follicles are extracted one by one from the donor area of the scalp.
Placement Phase: The hair follicles are implanted directly into the recipient area in a single one-step process. It ensures the right depth, direction and angle at the same time.
How Direct Hair Transplant is the Best Hair Transplantation Technique?
Direct hair transplant technique is the best hair technique because:
- A DHT treatment is best suited for both male and female patients.
- In maximum cases the patients are able to go back to their work the next day after the session.
- A person can resume with cardio exercise and swimming two weeks after the session however the intense exercise as weight lifting etc. are able to be resumed four weeks after.
- In the rare and extreme hair loss cases when hair on the back of the scalp are not sufficient to cover the recipient area then the facial and body hair may be used to complete the procedure.
- The 100% results of direct hair transplant take about twelve months to show. However the visible results may be seen in two months.
- The incisions or slits in the recipient area are created first; DHT uses a proprietary implanter which helps to implant hair follicles in the premade recipient slits.
- Unlike FUE and FUT hair transplantation methods does not include scalpels or stitches. The hair follicular units are extracted with the aid of specifically designed disposable tool. This prevents any trauma to the area.
Comparison between DHT and Normal FUE Method
Following are the reasons that show DHT is better than FUE: