PCOS, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a hormonal issue that impacts one of each 10 women. It alludes to a condition when a woman develops little cysts in the ovaries. Other than the hormonal issue, this condition can trigger diabetes, infertility, acne, and extreme hair development over the face and body, and can likewise prompt baldness. So you must have a regular visit to your gynecologist as the symptoms cannot be easily identified.
It’s a disorder with no accurate cure. PCOS patients are mostly overweight. Hence it is important to make major changes in their lifestyle. Maintaining a healthy weight by making modifications in their daily diet habits is essential. Because PCOS is not a disease, rather a result of lifestyle disorder.
To regularize ovulation, doctors prescribe medicines to control the hormone levels.
Women diagnosed to have PCOS produce higher-than-normal proportions of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes unpredictable menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.
In PCOS, some little, fluid-filled sacs create inside the ovaries. “Polycystic” means “many cysts”.
These sacs are follicles, every one of them containing an immature egg. The eggs never grow enough to trigger ovulation.
The nonappearance of ovulation modifies levels of estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. This leads to lower levels of estrogen and progesterone than anticipated and a higher level of androgen than anticipated.
Extra male hormones disturb the feminine cycle, so women with PCOS get fewer periods than anticipated.
Most common symptoms of PCOS
A couple of women or adolescents start seeing signs when they face irregular periods. Others simply discover they have PCOS after they’ve put on a ton of weight and face challenges in getting pregnant. An experienced gynecologist can provide you with the right PCOS treatment.
The most well-known PCOS symptoms are:
- Unpredictable periods: A nonappearance of ovulation prevents the uterine covering from shedding every month, hence periods become unpredictable.
- Heavy Bleeding: The uterine build-up for a more extended time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than that of the normal ones.
- Hair development: Women with this condition create hair all over their face and body.
- Acne: Male hormones can make the skin oilier than and women can confront the issue of acne.
- Weight increase: Some women with PCOS are overweight or obese and face difficulty in losing weight.
- Baldness: Hair on the scalp gets thinner and there is an increase in chances of hair fall.
- Skin Darkening: Some ladies may watch brown dark skin patches in the neck regions, under the breasts.
How PCOS impacts your body?
Having higher-than-normal androgen levels can impact your fertility and can increase the risk of developing some other medical problems. We will about all the problems in detail.
Infertility: To get pregnant, you have to ovulate. Women who don’t ovulate normally don’t deliver a similar number of eggs to be fertilized. PCOD is one of the principal reasons.
Metabolic disorder: Most of the women with PCOD are overweight or obese. Both obesity and PCOD increase your risk for diabetes, hypertension, low HDL cholesterol, and high LDL cholesterol. These together lead to a metabolic disorder and they increase the dangers for a heart ailment, diabetes, stroke, and so on.
Endometrial disease: During ovulation, the uterine covering sheds. Not ovulating every month, the lining starts to build up, get thickened uterine covering, therefore, it increments the danger of endometrial cancer growth or some other such dangerous diseases.
Treatment of PCOS
There is no proper PCOS treatment yet. The symptoms have to be controlled by making some major changes in the lifestyle of PCOS patients. Having a sound eating regimen and taking a balanced diet, keep up a decent weight, adopting a healthy lifestyle, being calm & stress-free, and consistently visiting your gynecologist can so that your symptoms can be controlled and you don’t face any severe complications.
A woman when diagnosed with PCOS can see some of the major effects on her body as talked about above. Henceforth, PCOS patients must exercise and keep up a sound eating routine. The eating routine should be low on sugars and starches. It is important to maintain a balanced diet that contains protein and healthy fats.
Here are some ways in which a gynecologist suggests PCOS treatment:
- Medications are available to control insulin levels and adjust hormones to make periods regular.
- Medicines are prescribed for acne, pigmentation, and hair growth.
- Patients who are trying to conceive undergo fertility treatment & medications.
- Oral medications and injections are additionally recommended to instigate ovulation.
- Treatments like laparoscopic medical procedures might be suggested for patients who are not able to conceive even with medications & a good diet.
- As a standard, PCOS treatment is aggressively for patients who are willing to get pregnant. Adolescents are treated with hormones to regularize the periods and control insulin levels.
Always visit a gynecologist if you see some of these above symptoms mentioned and seek for the best gynecologist and get the right PCOS treatment & medication.