To prevent obesity, it is important to have a balanced diet and a regular exercise program. These two measures should also be supervised by a specialist. It is also essential to keep in mind that very restrictive diets are not good for your health.
To prevent obesity, as well as to treat it at its best, it is necessary to take into account the multitude of factors that intervene in the development of this disease.
The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide. Recent studies prove this, estimating an increase in the body mass index (BMI) of 0.4 kg / m2.
Faced with this situation, and independently of institutional public health measures, health professionals have the responsibility to put in place measures to prevent obesity and treat people who suffer from it.
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The fundamental causes of obesity are, according to the WHO (World Health Organization)
- The sedentary lifestyles
- A diet high in fat
These two factors are, in large part, the result of changes taking place in society as well as patterns of behavior in populations.
Different aspects of obesity treatments
In the therapeutic approach to obesity, the nutritional factor plays an essential role. Without this aspect, the result of the various treatments is practically doomed to failure.
Other types of interventions, such as physical exercise, have utility, to say the least, if they are not part of the context of dietary treatment. Either way, exercise should be an important measure to include in all weight loss programs.
Also, in recent years, several drugs are effective in weight loss. Orlistat, Sibutramine, and Rimonabant are reported. The latter confirmed their positive results in clinical trials in patients on a low-calorie diet.
Also, it should be borne in mind that most of these drugs have an appetite suppressant effect. This is why, ultimately, their pharmacological action aims to facilitate the monitoring of a diet.
It should also be mentioned that even surgical treatment for obesity can fail in the long term if the patient does not change his eating habits.
That said, it must also be recognized that traditional dietetic treatment, although correctly carried out, does not obtain satisfactory results over time either.
This is because the majority of obese people who start diet therapy give it up. Of those who continue, most do not lose weight. And among those who lose, the majority take it back.
Undoubtedly, the main problem of dietetic treatments is the first point pointed out: the lack of monitoring of any type of diet.
Foods That Help Prevent Obesity
To prevent obesity, we need to eat a balanced diet as well as follow a regular exercise program. Also, these 2 measures should be supervised by a specialist.
Indeed, it is important to take into account the fact that very restrictive diets are never good for health. The reason is that they cause a significant loss of lean mass (muscles) and promote eating disorders. Therefore, it is essential to establish a normal-calorie nutritional program and always adapted to each patient.
The dietary recommendations are the same as for people with normal weight. But they mainly limit the consumption of saturated fat. On the other hand, in the following classification, you can find a series of foods that help prevent obesity.
A very important factor in preventing obesity is knowing how to choose satiating foods. Typically, these are foods that are high in fiber.
This phenomenon is because the fibers retain water. This, therefore, generates an increase in the volume of the stomach and generates a feeling of satiety. When this sensation appears, the uncontrolled desire to eat continuously decreases. Here is 21 High Fiber Foods List – You Must Eat.
Here are some foods that have these properties:
- Vegetables and plants
- Some fruits
Low-calorie foods are those that provide a low level of energy. When consumed, the body acquires fewer calories than it needs to burn the accumulated fat.
Also, low-calorie foods, if eaten as part of a varied diet, can help prevent obesity.
Here are some examples :
How to prevent obesity? Conclusion…
Finally, to prevent obesity, it is fundamental to establish a nutritional program supervised by a specialist to be constant and not to give up. It is also essential to exercise regularly.
The most important aspect of preventing and treating obesity is persistence and motivation. Do not abandon!