During an ultrasound in pregnancy, you have to visit the place with a full bladder. The entire bladder will help the technician to get the clear image of the reproductive organs as well as the fetus. It preferable that you must drink two to three glasses of water before you go to the ultrasound test. So, you must not urinate before you go to the ultrasound test.
So, these are the purposes of ultrasound during the time of the pregnancy. And if you need to go through ultrasound, you can visit the Radiology Centre at Harding, Morristown, New Jersey.
What is an ultrasound?
Ultrasound (also called sonogram) is a prenatal test offered to most pregnant women. It uses sound waves to show a picture of your baby in the uterus (womb). Ultrasound helps your health care provider check on your baby’s health and development.
Ultrasound can be a special part of pregnancy—it’s the first time you get to “see” your baby! Depending on when it’s done and your baby’s position, you may be able to see his hands, legs and other body parts. You may be able to tell if your baby’s a boy or a girl, so be sure to tell your provider if you don’t want to know!
Most women get an ultrasound in their second trimester at 18 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Some also get a first-trimester ultrasound (also called an early ultrasound) before 14 weeks of pregnancy. The number of ultrasounds and timing may be different for women with certain health conditions like as asthma and obesity.
What happens during an ultrasound
During an ultrasound, you lie down on an examination table or bed. An ultrasound technician applies a special gel to your abdomen and pelvic area. The gel is water-based, so it shouldn’t leave marks on your clothes or skin. The gel helps the sound waves travel properly. Next, the technician places a small wand, called a transducer, onto your belly. They move the transducer to capture black and white images onto the ultrasound screen. The technician may also take measurements of the image on the screen. They may ask you to move or hold your breath while they capture images. The technician then checks to see if the necessary images were captured and if they are clear. Then, the technician wipes off the gel and you can empty your bladder.
The Purpose of Ultrasound in Pregnancy
There is a specific ultrasound for pregnancy, known as pregnancy ultrasound. It is a test that utilizes the high-frequency sound wave to craft the image of the developing baby. Besides, it also creates images of the reproductive organs of the mother. The average number of ultrasound differs from each pregnancy. It is also known as a sonogram. It plays a significant role in monitoring normal fetal development. Besides, it has a vital role to play when it comes to determining any problem during the development of the fetus. Apart from the standard ultrasound, there are other advanced ultrasounds as well. Some of those advanced ultrasounds are 3-D ultrasound, fetal echocardiography, and 4-D ultrasound. Well, fetal echocardiography acknowledges the heart condition of the fetus.
3-D ultrasound. A 3-D ultrasound takes thousands of pictures at once. It makes a 3-D image that’s almost as clear as a photograph. Some providers use this kind of ultrasound to make sure your baby’s organs are growing and developing normally. It can also check for abnormalities in a baby’s face. You also may get a 3-D ultrasound to check for problems in the uterus.
4-D ultrasound. This is like a 3-D ultrasound, but it also shows your baby’s movements in a video.
There are numerous reasons for which the doctors use ultrasound during the time of pregnancy. In case if your doctor finds out that there are some issues with your previous ultrasound, he or she may advise you to do it again. Besides, there are numerous non-medical reasons why people go through ultrasound. Some of those non-medical reasons are producing the images of the fetus or determining the sex of the fetus. The best part is, ultrasound technology is safe for both mother and child.
Purpose of ultrasound in different trimesters
In the first trimester, the reasons behind the ultrasound are:
- Confirm pregnancy
- Check the heartbeat of the fetus.
- Determining the baby’s gestational age and estimating a due date.
- Looking for multiple pregnancies.
- Examining the uterus, placenta, cervix, and ovary.
- Checking any abnormal growth in the fetus.
During the second as well as third trimester of the pregnancy
The purposes of ultrasound during the second and third trimester are:
- Monitoring the growth as well as the position of the fetus (breech, cephalic, transverse, or optimal).
- Determining the sex of the baby.
- To confirm if there are any multiple pregnancies.
- Checking the placenta to find out if there are any problems like placenta previa and placental abruption.
- Checking if there are any characteristics of Down syndrome.
- Determining if there are any birth defects or congenital abnormalities.
- Probing the fetus to find out if there is structural abnormality or problems regarding blood flow.
- Tracking the amniotic fluid’s level.
- Determining if the fetus is getting sufficient oxygen.
- Diagnosing the issues that are related to ovaries or uterus like pregnancy tumors.
- Measuring the cervix’s length.
- Delivering guidance for other tastes like amniocentesis.
- Confirming the death of intrauterine.