What Is Meniere’s Disease?

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Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s disease is an inner ear condition that you can cause dizziness, a special type of dizziness in which you feel as if you are spinning in innar ear.

It can also cause ringing in your ear (tinnitus), loss of hearing and feeling of fullness or pressure in your ear. Usually, only one ear is affected. Hearing loss can be permanent.

The disorder derives its name from a French physician Prosper Ménière, who suggested in the 1860s that the symptoms came from the inner ear and brain, as most people believed.

Meniere's disease
Meniere’s disease

What Causes Meniere’s ?

Specialists think they see how Meniere’s side effects create. 

The liquid develops inside a piece of your inward ear called the maze, which holds structures that help with hearing and equalization. Overabundance liquid meddles with the sign your mind gets, causing vertigo and hearing issues.

As to why people are clear from Ménière researchers, there are several theories that can affect the fluid in the inner ear.

What is CLL?

  • Poor drainage (due to obstruction or abnormal structure in your ear)
  • Autoimmune response (when your body’s defense system attacks and attacks healthy cells)
  • allergic reaction
  • viral infection
  • Inherent tendency
  • blow to the head
  • Migraine headache

It is possible that a combination of issues causes Ménière.

Symptoms

Meniere is a progressive disease, which means that it worsens over time. It can begin gradually with hearing loss bouts. Vertigo may develop later.

Some people, with some main symptoms:

  • anxiety
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea or diarrhea
  • Shuddering
  • Cold sweat and rapid pulse

The attacks lasted for 20 minutes or 24 hours. You may get several weeks, or they may vary for months or years. Later, you may feel tired and need to rest.

As Menair progresses, your symptoms may change. Your hearing loss and tinnitus may be stable. You may occasionally struggle with issues of balance and vision rather than occasional bouts of vertigo.

Diagnosis

your primary care physician will discuss your side effects and medicinal history. A progression of demonstrative tests can check your parity and hearing. These may include:

Audiometric examination: This will reduce hearing power in the affected ear. This may include a test to assess your ability to distinguish between words such as “fit” and “sit”. I have called speech discrimination.

Electronstagmogram: An ENG evaluates your balance. You will be placed in a dark room and your eye movements will be measured as a gust of cool and warm air flows through your ear canal.

Electrocolography: It measures the pressure of the fluid in your inner ear.

Additional imaging tests: An MRI or a CT scan may be ordered to detect the possibility that something other than meniere’s is the cause of your symptoms.

The treatment

Drug treatment is related to reducing both vertigo and fluid in your head. Medication for motion sickness can help with your vertigo, and if one of the side effects of your dizziness is increasing, then an anti-nausea medication may reduce vomiting.

Other possible treatments include:

Diuretics: To reduce the fluid in your ear, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic medicine – which protects your body from retaining fluid. If you take a diuretic, your doctor will probably also ask you to cut down on the amount of salt in your diet.

Steroids: If your doctor feels you have an underlying immune system problem, you can also take a short course of steroids.

Therapy or Hearing Aid: In addition to medication, you can try targeted therapy to help balance issues. A hearing aid can improve your affected ear.

Meniett device: Another approach uses this device to apply pressure to your ear canal through a tube. It improves how fluid moves through your ear. You can do these remedies at home.

Injections: These go directly to your ear and can soothe your head. Your doctor may choose an antibiotic called Gentamicin (Gentac, Nonamycin), which is toxic to your inner ear. This reduces the function of the affected ear so that your “good” ear handles your balance. This procedure is done in a doctor’s office, where something should be given to numb the pain before the injection. Or your doctor may choose to inject a steroid.

Surgery

Some patients participated in any of these treatments and would require surgery. If considered in that minority, then you have some procedures to choose from. they include:

Endolymphatic sac shunt surgery: The part of your ear that is responsible for re-absorbed fluid is opened and dried. Anesthesia is given to carry so that you stay awake or feel pain during the operation. You will probably spend the night in the hospital.

Vestibular nerve sectioning: A neurosurgeon performs this procedure, and requires you to stay in the hospital for a long period of 5 days. The surgeon will destroy the veins that send signals to the brain about balance to stop the messages that are causing your dizziness.

Cochleococculotomy: This is another procedure aimed at the extraction of fluid. Something is given to numb any pain, and it takes about 30 minutes. It can cause hearing loss, however.

Labyrinthectomy: Your surgeon destroys those parts of the ear that control balance. You awakened during this process, and you stayed in the hospital for a few days. You will have hearing loss later, so this is for people who have really bad vertigo and have already heard well.

What can I do at home?

Not clear if you can do anything to stop Ménière’s disease. However, there are many things that can help you manage your symptoms.

In addition to eating a low-salt diet, you can cut down on alcohol and caffeine. Some people feel that such a diet reduces the effects of the disease.